Design for ease of maintenance, reparability, upgradability and adaptability. Work for efficiency in use and maintainability as well as optimisation of initial lifetime. And re-use, do not forget about the second life!

User and environment friendly products: preserve and extend what is already made

  1. Persuasive design
    Understand how you can increase people’s ability and motivation to behave sustainably.
  2. Design for ease of maintenance and repair
    Optimise the initial lifetime by offering extended-life products that are multifunctional, easy to maintain and repair. Optimising the function of products and ensure most suitable service life.
  3. Efficiency in use
    Design products that require fewer resources during operation. Energy-efficiency a major source of environmental impact is the energy consumed by a product during its use. Ensure that products use fewer resources, cause less waste and pollution when they are used by end customers.
  4. Design for upgradability and adaptability
    Allow for future expansion and modification. Product life extension – keep the product alive and relevant (modernisation) and enable personalisation.
  5. Product as a service: product life extension – lease – rent – share
    Sharing platform, renting, swapping, collaborative consuming, cloud computing etc.
    Product as a service – service-based business models.
  6. Re-use
    Second life, alternative use of the product, for example can an old phone work as a burglar alarm? Head for second-hand markets.

The Use Wheel infographic

 Learning Factory. Copyrights © 2017. Tapani Jokinen. Max Marwede.