Materials & Parts

What material to use for lower environmental impact depends on a number of factors. The use of fewer components, parts and materials for example. Another example is the use of recycled, greener and long lasting materials. In addition, it is important to reduce material and energy consumption throughout the lifecycle and, in particular, to remove hazardous substances.

Materials efficiency: Reduction of material usage by applying smart production techniques, designing longer-lasting products with less material. Design to minimise material usage: Reducing the amount of material used over the product life cycle is an effective method of reducing environmental impact. Those starting points make sure the material choice is optimised for circular setup.

Design for low impact materials

  1. Use of smart, green materials
    Renewable, recycled materials. Designing for use of materials that have a lower environmental impact in manufacturing, use or disposal. Design for recyclability.
  2. Use of fewer materials, components and parts
    Modularisation/standardisation. Designing to reduce the number of materials required to create a product. Reduction of material usage and reusing components. Labelling to identify materials. Reduction of raw material.
  3. Material properties
    Use strong, long lasting materials, this ensures graceful ageing.
    Light weight, reduction in weight and size.
    Durable, indestructible structures. Shock, water and dustproof.
  4. Material health
    Clean materials, removal of hazardous substances. Safe in manufacturing and use.
  5. Low energy content materials
    Use components with low energy consumption throughout the lifecycle also in use.
  6. Sustainable manufacturing
    Smart production techniques. Reduce complexity. Optimised supply chains, reduction in (transport) volume.


The Materials Wheel infographic

 Learning Factory. Copyrights © 2017. Tapani Jokinen. Max Marwede.

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