End of life – infinity recycling
The final stage in the ecodesign wheel. Here we need to think of things like optimisation of end-of-life systems, takeback programmes, recovery and recycling. Other factors are waste management, design for dis- and reassembly, dematerialisation, up-cycling and reverse logistics.
Use waste as a resource
- Recyclable materials
Design to use organic, recyclable, renewable, non-toxic and reusable materials.
- Design for dis- and reassembly
Ensure that products and parts can be separated and reassembled easily. Design for quick disassembly into separate components for faster processing at the point of recycling.
- Design for end-of-life-collection and take-back programmes
Include eco-labelling and guidance on how to recycle and dispose. Use prepaid return shipping labels.
- Full-circle supply chain
Think about the whole supply chain as well as value chains. Closed-loop industry with industry symbiosis.
Transform by-products or waste materials into new materials or products of better quality or for better environmental value. Reverse logistic.
- End of life – waste
Recovery and recycling – waste management and energy recovery. Optimise recycling routes for high recycling and recovery rates. Keep track of waste and avoid illegal export.
Learning Factory. Copyrights © 2017. Tapani Jokinen. Max Marwede.